Purpose: At the end of this activity the student will have
a new understanding of how insects/organisms are impacted by factors
that are essential to an organism's survival in a particular habitat.
The students will understand how lacking just one element of a
habitat (food, water, shelter, and space) can affect an organism's
chance for survival. This activity will take 20-30 minutes to
TEKS: Fourth Grade Science
(5) Complex Systems and Parts
a. identify and describe roles of organisms in living systems and parts in nonliving objects.
Motivate! : The teacher will begin the class by asking
students what would happen to them if they did not have enough
water to drink? What would happen if they did not have a space
in which to live? Would these factors make life easy or hard?
What would you have to do to survive in these conditions? The
students will then learn that a habitat consists of factors such
as food, water, space, and shelter.
Concept Discovery: After the class has played several rounds
of the game, the class will come together for discussion. What
have the students learned? Did any of the children not meet the
needs for survival? If the students were real insects and they
did not meet their needs, what would happen? How is habitat important?
What is happening to insects that are living in a forest that
is being torn down? Do they die from loss of habitat, or do they
survive and adapt to their changing environment?
Going Further: The students can analyze their own habitat
based on what they have learned in the activity. Students can
go home after the activity and think about what their own habitat
is? How are the student's needs within their own habitat met?
What happens if a need is not met? Students can then return to
class prepared to share what they have learned about their own
Closure: This activity will close with having the children
think about different types of insects. Do different insects have
different needs? Are some insect's needs harder to meet than other
insect's needs? Through this activity the students have learned
the importance of habitat, and how if one element of habitat were
missing, an organism would need to struggle in order to survive.
Assessment: The teacher will assess the students through
informal assessment. As the rounds of the game occur the teacher
can ask "What if?" questions causing students to think
about how an insect will respond to its habitat when something
(13) Displaying and Interpreting Data
- Interpret bar graphs.